Seeing is believing of what intensified management can do!

Current Happenings

Find about recent activities of the University of Illinois Crop Physiology Laboratory including current observations from the field. read more.....


Going to Commodity Classic 2020?

Hear Fred Below Saturday, February 29, 2020 8:15 AM on

Need for Narrow: The Future of Corn Production



Recent Publications

Vogel, A.M. and F.E. Below. 2019. Residue and agronomic management to reduce the continuous corn yield penalty. Agronomy 9, 567. doi:10.3390/agronomy9100567


Butts-Wilmsmeyer, C.J., J.R. Seebauer, L. Singleton, and F.E. Below. 2019. Weather during key growth stages explains grain quality and yield of maize. Agronomy 9 (1) 16. doi:10.3390/agronomy9010016


Mastrodomenico, A.T., M.O. Bohn, A.E. Lipka, and F.E. Below. 2019. Genomic selection using maize ex-plant variety protection germplasm for the prediction of nitrogen-use traits. Crop Sci. (in press). doi: 10.2135/cropsci2018.06.0398

6 Secrets of Soybean Success: What five years of research has taught us. SPECIAL REPORT.pdf

Vogel, A.M., and F.E. Below. 2018. Hybrid Selection and Agronomic Management to Lessen the Continuous Corn Yield Penalty. Agronomy 8 (10) 228.



Corn ears


Corn Research

Learn about our research on the management and physiology of high yield corn and sustainable production systems:

CPL group 2019


Soybean Research

What is the physiology of soybean, and how can we increase yields?


Soybean nutrient uptake and partitioning

(soil P vs Fert. Report .pdf)