Sible, C.N., A.D. Kent, A.J. Margenot, and F.E. Below. 2024. Long-term continuous maize: impacts on the soil microbiome and implications for residue management. Soil Science Society of America Journal. doi:10.1002/saj2.20681

Kosola, K., M. Eller, F.G. Dohleman, L.B. Olmedo-Pico, B. Bernhard, E.T. Winans, T. Barten, L. Brzostowski, L. Murphy, C. Gu, L. Ralston, M. Hall, K. Gillespie, D. Mack, F.E. Below, T.J. Vyn. 2023. Short-stature and tall maize hybrids have a similar yield response to split-rate vs. pre-plant N applications, but differ in biomass and nitrogen partitioning. Field Crops Res. 295:108880. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2023.108880

Winans, E.T., T.A. Beyer, F.E. Below. 2021. Managing density stress to close the maize yield gap. Frontiers in Plant Sci. 12:767465. doi:10.3389/fpls.2021.767465

Udvardi, M., F.E. Below, M.J. Castellano, A.J. Eagle, K.E. Giller, J.K. Ladha, X. Liu, T.M.C. Maaz, B. Nova-Franco, N. Raghuram, G.P. Robertson, S. Roy, M. Saha, S. Schmidt, M. Tegeder, L.M. York, and J.W. Peters. 2021. A research road map for responsible use of agricultural nitrogen. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 5: 660155. doi:10.3389/fsufs.2021.660155

Sible, C.N., J.R. Seebauer, and F.E. Below. 2021. Plant biostimulants: A categorical review, their implications for row crop production, and relation to soil health indicators. Agronomy 11(7) doi:10.3390/agronomy11071297

Bernhard, B.J., F.E. Below. 2020. Plant population and row spacing effects on corn: Phenotypic traits of positive yield-responsive hybrids. Agron. J. 112:1589-1600. doi:10.1002/agj2.20206.

Bernhard, B.J., F.E. Below. 2020. Plant population and row spacing effects on corn: Plant growth, phenology, and grain yield. Agron. J. 112:2456-2465. doi:10.1002/agj2.20245

Vogel, AM, FE Below. 2019. Residue and agronomic management to reduce the continuous corn yield penalty. Agronomy 9:567. doi:10.3390/agronomy9100567

Butts-Wilmsmeyer, C.J., J.R. Seebauer, L. Singleton, and F.E. Below. 2019. Weather during key growth stages explains grain quality and yield of maize. Agronomy 9 (1) 16. doi:10.3390/agronomy9010016

Mastrodomenico, A.T., M.O. Bohn, A.E. Lipka, and F.E. Below. 2019. Genomic selection using maize ex-plant variety protection germplasm for the prediction of nitrogen-use traits. Crop Sci. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2018.06.0398

Vogel, A.M., and F.E. Below. 2018. Hybrid selection and agronomic management to lessen the continuous corn yield penalty. Agronomy 8 (10) 228. doi:10.3390/agronomy8100228

Mastrodomenico, A.T., J.W. Haegele, J.R. Seebauer, and F.E. Below. 2018. Yield stability differs in commercial maize hybrids in response to changes in plant density, nitrogen fertility, and environment. Crop Sci. 58:230-241. doi: 10.2135.cropsci/2017.06.0340

Seebauer, J.R, and F.E. Below. 2018. Use of in vitro kernel culture to study maize nitrogen and carbohydrate metabolism. In L.M. Lagrimini, editor, Maize: Methods and Protocols. Springer Nature Methods in Molecular Biology, New York, NY. p.3-13.

Degryse, F., R.C. da Silva, R. Baird, T. Beyrer, F. Below, M.J. McLaughlin. 2018. Uptake of elemental or sulfate-S from fall- or spring-applied co-granulated fertilizer by corn- A stable isotope and modeling study. Field Crops Res. 221:322-332. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.07.015

Ruffo, M.L., L.F. Gentry, A.S. Henninger, J.R. Seebauer, and F.E. Below. 2015. Evaluating management factor contributions to reduce corn yield gaps. Agron. J. doi: 10.2134/agronj14.0355

Haegele, J.W., R.J. Becker, A.S. Henninger, and F.E. Below. 2014. Row arrangement, phosphorus fertility, and hybrid contributions to managing increased plant density of maize. Agron. J. 106:1838-1846. doi:10.2134/agronj2013.0382

Bender, R.R., J.W. Haegele, M.L.Ruffo, and F.E. Below. 2013. Nutrient uptake, partitioning, and remobilization in modern, transgenic insect-protected maize hybrids. Agron. J. 105:161-170. doi: 10.2134/agronj2012.0352

Hagele, J.W. K.A. Cook, D.M. Nichols, and F.E. Below. 2013. Changes in nitrogen use traits associated with genetic improvement for grain yield of maize hybrids released in different decades. Crop Sci. 53:1256-1268. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2012.07.0429

Bender, R.R., J.W. Haegele, M.L. Ruffo, and F.E. Below. 2013. Transgenic corn rootworm protection enhances uptake and post-flowering mineral nutrient accumulation. Agron. J. 105:1626-1634. doi: 10.2134/agronj2013.0230

Bender, R.R., J.W. Haegele, M.L.Ruffo, and F.E. Below. 2013. Modern corn hybrids nutrient uptake patterns. Better Crops 97 (1): 7-10.

Haegele, J.W. and F.E. Below. 2013. Transgenic corn rootworm protection increases grain yield and nitrogen use of maize. Crop Sci. 53:585-594. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2012.06.0348

Gentry, L.F., M.L. Ruffo, and F.E. Below. 2013. Identifying factors controlling the continuous corn yield penalty. Agron. J. 105:295-303. doi:10.2134/agronj2012.0246

Below, F.E., K.A. Duncan, M. Uribelarrea, and T.B. Ruyle. 2009. Occurrence and proposed cause of hollow husk in maize. Agron. J. 101:237-242 doi:10.2134/agronj2008.0158N


Borja Reis, A.F., L.H. Moro Rosso, E.A. Adee, D. Davidson, P. Kovacs, L.C. Purcell, F.E. Below, S.N. Casteel, C. Knott, H.J. Kandel, S.L. Naeve, M.P. Singh, S.V. Archontoulis, and I.A. Ciampitti. 2022. Seed inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense in the U.S. soybean systems. Field Crops Res. 283:108537. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2022.108537

Borja Reis, A.F., L. Rosso, D. Davidson, P. Kovacs, L.C. Purcell, F.E. Below, S. Casteel, H.J. Kandel, S.L. Naeve, S.V. Archontoulis, and I.A. Ciampitti. 2022. Soybean management for seed composition: The perspective of U.S. farmers. Agron. J. 114:2608-2617. doi:10.1002/agj2.21082

Borja Reis, A.F., L. Rosso, D. Davidson, P. Kovacs, L.C. Purcell, F.E. Below, S. Casteel, H. Kandel, S.L. Naeve, W. Carciochi, W.J. Ross, V.R. Favoretto, S. Archontoulis, and I.A. Ciampitti. 2021. Sulfur fertilization in soybean: A meta-analysis on yield and seed composition. European J. Agron. 127: 126285. doi:10.1016/j.eja.2021.126285

Bender, R.R., J.W. Haegele, and F.E. Below. 2015. Nutrient uptake, partitioning, and remobilization in modern soybean varieties. Agron. J. 107:563-573. doi:10.2134/agronj14.0435

Bergerou, J.A., L.E. Gentry, M.B. David, and F.E. Below. 2004. Role of N2 fixation in the soybean N credit in maize production. Plant Soil 262:383-394 doi:10.1023/

Gentry, L.E., F.E. Below, M.B. David, and J.A. Bergerou. 2001. Source of the soybean N credit in maize production. Plant Soil 236:175-184. doi:10.1023/A:1012707617126

Blogs / Magazine Articles

2023 – Snake Oil or Viper Lipid? How to Get the Most Out of Your Biostimulant – article.pdf

2023 – Role of Biologicals in Enhancing Nutrient Efficiency in Corn and Soybean – article.pdf

Conference Posters and Proceedings

2023 ASA/CSSA/SSSA Conference

  • Does Fertilizer Source Affect the Availability of Fall-Applied Nutrients for Maize? – presentation.pdf
  • Dry Drop Placement: A Novel Approach to Fertilizing Maize – poster.pdf
  • Managing Short Stature Maize for Maximum Yield – presentation.pdf
  • Role of Root Architecture in Response to In-Season Nitrogen Applications to Maize – poster.pdf
  • Managing Decomposition of Cereal Rye Residues in No-Till Soybean for Timely Nutrient Release – poster.pdf
  • Soybean Planting Date Impacts the Response to Agronomic Management – poster.pdf

2022 ASA/CSSA/SSSA Conference

  • Versatility of Mycorrhizal Fungi Applications to Increase Maize Productivity – poster.pdf
  • Can Multi-Year Fertilizer Applications Improve Productivity in a Maize and Soybean Rotation? – poster.pdf
  • Yield Response of Maize to P and K Fertilization Increased by Co-Application with Humic Acid – poster.pdf

2021 ASA/CSSA/SSSA Conference

  • Co-Application of Calcified Algae and MicroEssentials-S10 Affects Phosphorus Availability and Productivity of Maize – poster.pdf
  • A New Source of Nitrogen for Maize from the Bacterial Product PROVEN – poster.pdf
  • Fall Residue Management Reduces the Continuous Corn Yield Penalty – poster.pdf